Murex bipinnatus Reeve, 1845 | NMW.1955.158.00014 | Mollusca Types in Great Britain
Type Specimen

Murex bipinnatus Reeve, 1845

Reeve, L. A. 1845b. Monograph of the genus Murex. 3. Conchologia Iconica; a complete repertory of species. London. pp.Species 1-188. figs.pls 1-36 [sp. 6; pl. 2, fig. 6] [Original Description] [Type Designation]
Current name: Pterynotus bipinnata (Reeve, 1845)
Classification: Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Muricoidea : Muricidae
Type Status: Syntype(s) [Verified - Harriet Wood ]
Collection: Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales, Cardiff (Melvill-Tomlin)
Catalogue No.: NMW.1955.158.00014
No. specimens: 1 sh (Dry shells)
Type Locality: Moluccas
Collecting details: Rev. T. Lombe Taylor ; Cox; J. C. Melvill (3/3/1879)
The collection of Rev. Thomas Lombe Taylor was considered highly by fellow conchologists and was described by G. B. Sowerby (3rd) as ‘undoubtedly the largest private collection of shells in the world’. Both Lovell Reeve and the Sowerby’s used the collection extensively for their respective works, Conchological Iconography and Thesaurus Conchyliorum. After the death of Lombe Taylor in 1874 his widow presented 446 specimens to the British Museum, of which 142 were types figured in the above works. Later, in 1879, Sowerby sold them a further 277 type and figured shells, mainly from the Sulphur and Samarang expeditions. Sowerby continued selling the collection between 1879-1880 and the remainder in his possession was auctioned at a Stevens sale in June 1880. There was a further auction of the Lombe Taylor collection many years later in 1929; this portion of the collection had been retained by Lombe Taylor’s son and was sold after his death. J. C. Melvill purchased many Lombe Taylor shells from Sowerby, including the then exceptionally rare Conus gloriamaris, and attended the Stevens sale where he not only bought more shells, but also the cabinets and many types of J. S. Gaskoin.

References are listed in chronological order. References containing the "Original Description" or "Type Designation" of Murex bipinnatus Reeve, 1845 are highlighted in red.

Reeve, L. A. 1845b. Monograph of the genus Murex. 3. Conchologia Iconica; a complete repertory of species. London. pp.Species 1-188. figs.pls 1-36 [sp. 6; pl. 2, fig. 6] [Cited] [Figured] [Original Description] [Type Designation]
Reeve, L. A. 1846a. Descriptions of new species of Murex. . Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 13(150), 1845. pp.85-88 [85] [Cited]
Merle, D., Garrigues, B. & Pointier, J.-P. 2011. Fossil and recent Muricidae of the world. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. pp.1-648. pls 1-608; text figs 1-81 [430; figs. 11-15] [Nomenclature]
Specimen Data
Point Locality: Moluccas
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Ex. Collector: Rev. T. Lombe Taylor ; Cox; J. C. Melvill (3/3/1879)
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Curatorial Contact

Harriet Wood
Collection Manager: Mollusca
Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales, Cardiff
Cathays Park
CF10 3NP

Email: Harriet Wood
Tel: +44 (0)29 2057 3244

Publishing on these specimens?
When referring to Museum specimens in a publication, please include the accession number and the name of the holding institution. Please also cite this website where appropriate. The recommended citation is:

Ablett J., Brown C., Gallichan J., Gordon D., Holmes A. M., Hunter T., Machin R., Morgenroth H., Oliver P. G., Petts R., Pye S., Reilly M., Rowson B., Salvador A., Sutcliffe R., Turner J. A., Wood H. 2019. Mollusca Types in Great Britain. Amgueddfa Cymru-National Museum Wales / Natural History Museum. Available online at [Accessed:  ].

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