Conus melvilli Sowerby 3rd, 1879 | NMW.1955.158.00031 | Mollusca Types in Great Britain
Type Specimen

Conus melvilli Sowerby 3rd, 1879
Holotype

Sowerby, G. B. (1st). 1834. 56. The Conchological Illustrations. figs.figs 76-84 [figs. 69] [Original Description] [Type Designation]
Sowerby, G. B. (3rd). 1879. Descriptions of ten new species of shells. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1878(4). pp.795-798. PL500000. pl. 48 [795-796; pl. 48, fig. 1] [Original Description] [Type Designation]
Current name: Conus melvilli Sowerby 3rd, 1879
Classification: Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Conoidea : Conidae
Type Status: Holotype [Verified - Harriet Wood ]
Collection: Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales, Cardiff (Melvill-Tomlin)
Catalogue No.: NMW.1955.158.00031
No. specimens: 1 sh (Dry shells)
Type Locality: Key West (south of Florida) [U.S.A.]
Collecting details: T. Norris; T. Norris (nephew); J. C. Melvill; Sowerby 1st
Notes
In Melvill’s 1917 note he expresses that he is almost certain this shell was from the Norris collection and not from Florida at all. On returning from nearly a year in the United States between 1872-3 he purchased many lots from the Norris collection sale and sent specimens from both this and from the United States to Sowerby 3rd. He does not recall collecting this specimen from Florida and thinks it was confused with the United States specimens when sent to Sowerby together with those from Norris’ collection. On receiving the type of C. pusio Sowerby 1st, 1834, Sowerby 3rd described it as C. melvilli in error. The earlier name would have priority but happened to be preoccupied by Conus pusio Hwass in Bruguière, 1792. Thus C. melvilli is effectively, if not intentionally, a nomen substitutum for C. pusio Sowerby 1st, 1834. This specimen represents the holotype of both taxa, which are objective synonyms.
References

References are listed in chronological order. References containing the "Original Description" or "Type Designation" of Conus melvilli Sowerby 3rd, 1879 are highlighted in red.

Sowerby, G. B. (1st). 1834. 56. The Conchological Illustrations. figs.figs 76-84 [figs. 69] [Figured] [Original Description] [Type Designation]
Sowerby, G. B. (1st). 1841. Index. The Conchological Illustrations. pp.1-4 [3] [Cited]
Sowerby, G. B. (3rd). 1879. Descriptions of ten new species of shells. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1878(4). pp.795-798. PL500000. pl. 48 [795-796; pl. 48, fig. 1] [Cited] [Figured] [Original Description] [Type Designation]
Melvill, J. C. 1917. Note on Conus melvilli Sowerby. Journal of Conchology. 15. pp.222 [222] [Cited]
Moolenbeek, R. G. & Coomans, H. E. 1982. Studies on Conidae (Mollusca, Gastropoda). 2. Conus pusio Sowerby I (non Hwass) and C. melvilli Sowerby III. Bulletin Zoologisch Museum. Universiteit van Amsterdam. 8(17). pp.145-148. figs 1-3 [145-148; figs. 3] [Cited] [Figured]
Kohn, A. J. 1992. A Chronological Taxonomy of Conus, 1758-1840. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, USA. pp.i-x , 1-315. 26 pls [255; pl. 24, fig. 501] [Cited] [Figured]
Röckel, D., Korn, W. & Kohn, A. J. 1995. Manual of the Living Conidae Vol. 1: Indo-Pacific Region. Verlag Christa Hemmen, Wiesbaden, Germany. pp.517. 84 [91; pl. 12, fig. 22] [Cited] [Figured]
Specimen Data
Point Locality: Key West
Continent: North America
Country: U.S.A.
State/Prov.: Florida
County: -
City/Town: -
Island Group: -
Island: -
Water Body: -
Sea Area.: -
Collected by: -
Collecting date: -
Ex. Collector: T. Norris; T. Norris (nephew); J. C. Melvill; Sowerby 1st
Expedition/Survey: -
Vessel: -
Sampling Method: -
Field No.: -
Field Notes: -
Altitude: -
Depth: -
OS Grid Ref.: -
Lat./Long.(verbatim): -
Decimal Degress: -
Curatorial Contact

Harriet Wood
Collection Manager: Mollusca
Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales, Cardiff
Cathays Park
Cardiff
CF10 3NP

Email: Harriet Wood
Tel: +44 (0)29 2057 3244

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Ablett J., Brown C., Gallichan J., Gordon D., Holmes A. M., Hunter T., Machin R., Morgenroth H., Oliver P. G., Petts R., Pye S., Reilly M., Rowson B., Salvador A., Sutcliffe R., Turner J. A., Wood H. 2019. Mollusca Types in Great Britain. Amgueddfa Cymru-National Museum Wales / Natural History Museum. Available online at https://gbmolluscatypes.ac.uk [Accessed:  ].

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