Mitra tankervillei Melvill, 1888 | NMW.1955.158.00425 | Mollusca Types in Great Britain
Type Specimen

Mitra tankervillei Melvill, 1888
Holotype

Sowerby, G. B. (1st). 1825. A catalogue of the shells contained in the collection of the late Earl of Tankerville arranged according to the Lamarckian Conchological System; together with an appendix, containing descriptions of many new species. Illustrated with several coloured plates. London. pp.i-xxxiv, 1-92. 9 pls [79, xxvii-xxviii] [Original Description] [Type Designation]
Melvill, J. C. 1888d. Notes on Mitra (Costellaria) rugosa (Swainson). Journal of Conchology. 5(11). pp.332-335 [332-335] [Type Designation]
Current name: Vexillum tankervillei (Melvill, 1888)
Classification: Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Muricoidea : Costellariidae
Type Status: Holotype [Verified - Harriet Wood ]
Collection: Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales, Cardiff (Melvill-Tomlin)
Catalogue No.: NMW.1955.158.00425
No. specimens: 1 (Dry shells)
Type Locality: Swainson in Sowerby, 1825: None; Melvill, 1888: Its locality is unknown, but most probably it is a native of Eastern seas. [Sri Lanka]
Collecting details: Earl of Tankerville; Thomas Norris; Prevost; J. C. Melvill
Notes
This shell was first known in the Earle of Tankerville collection, which was dispersed in 1825. Swainson’s description was published in the Tankerville sales catalogue compiled by Sowerby 1st. It then passed through the hands of Thomas Norris, Prevost and J. C. Melvill. This name was however preoccupied by M. (Turricula) rugosa Gmelin, 1791 and with this knowledge Melvill renamed Swainson’s species Mitra tankervillei in 1888. This shell at NMW is the holotype of both names with Swainson’s description being based on a single specimen. Melvill (1888d) also notes confusion occurring with the name rugosa after Reeve (1844a) rewrote the description and figured the specimen but gave authorship to Sowerby instead of Swainson. This erroneous authorship has been used in other lists.
References

References are listed in chronological order. References containing the "Original Description" or "Type Designation" of Mitra tankervillei Melvill, 1888 are highlighted in red.

Sowerby, G. B. (1st). 1825. A catalogue of the shells contained in the collection of the late Earl of Tankerville arranged according to the Lamarckian Conchological System; together with an appendix, containing descriptions of many new species. Illustrated with several coloured plates. London. pp.i-xxxiv, 1-92. 9 pls [79, xxvii-xxviii] [Cited] [Original Description] [Type Designation]
Reeve, L. A. 1844a. Monograph of the genus Mitra. 2. Conchologia Iconica; a complete repertory of species. London. pp.Species 1-220. figs.pls 1-27 [sp. 101; pl. 14] [Figured]
Melvill, J. C. 1888d. Notes on Mitra (Costellaria) rugosa (Swainson). Journal of Conchology. 5(11). pp.332-335 [332-335] [Cited] [Type Designation]
Trew, A. 1987. James Cosmo Melvill's New Molluscan Names. National Museum of Wales, Cardiff. pp.1-84 [66] [Cited]
Turner, H. 1989. Uncommon and New Mitriform Gastropods from the Indo-Pacific. Part 1. Swiss Federal Research Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape. CH-8903 Birmensdorf. pp.1-35. pls.1-8 [pl. 5, fig. 6] [Figured]
Specimen Data
Point Locality: Ceylon
Continent: Asia
Country: Sri Lanka
State/Prov.: -
County: -
City/Town: -
Island Group: -
Island: -
Water Body: -
Sea Area.: -
Collected by: -
Collecting date: -
Ex. Collector: Earl of Tankerville; Thomas Norris; Prevost; J. C. Melvill
Expedition/Survey: -
Vessel: -
Sampling Method: -
Field No.: -
Field Notes: -
Altitude: -
Depth: -
OS Grid Ref.: -
Lat./Long.(verbatim): -
Decimal Degress: -
Curatorial Contact

Harriet Wood
Collection Manager: Mollusca
Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales, Cardiff
Cathays Park
Cardiff
CF10 3NP

Email: Harriet Wood
Tel: +44 (0)29 2057 3244

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Ablett J., Brown C., Gallichan J., Gordon D., Holmes A. M., Hunter T., Machin R., Morgenroth H., Oliver P. G., Petts R., Pye S., Reilly M., Rowson B., Salvador A., Sutcliffe R., Turner J. A., Wood H. 2019. Mollusca Types in Great Britain. Amgueddfa Cymru-National Museum Wales / Natural History Museum. Available online at https://gbmolluscatypes.ac.uk [Accessed:  ].

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