Tellina essingtonensis Sowerby 2nd in Reeve, 1866 | NMW.1955.158.01943 | Mollusca Types in Great Britain
Type Specimen

Tellina essingtonensis Sowerby 2nd in Reeve, 1866
Holotype

Sowerby, G. B. (2nd) in Reeve, L. A. 1866-1869. Monograph of the genus Tellina. 17. Conchologia Iconica; a complete repertory of species. London. pp.Species 1-345. figs.pls 1-58 [sp. 73; pl. 15] [Original Description] [Type Designation]
Current name: Exotica donaciformis (Deshayes , 1855)
Classification: Bivalvia : Veneroida : Tellinoidea : Tellinidae
Type Status: Holotype [Verified - Harriet Wood ]
Collection: Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales, Cardiff (Melvill-Tomlin)
Catalogue No.: NMW.1955.158.01943
No. specimens: 1 sh (Dry shells)
Type Locality: Port Essington [Australia]
Collecting details: Rev. T. Lombe Taylor; G. B. Sowerby (3rd); J. C. Melvill
Notes
Type evidence: Sowerby’s description of T. essingtonensis in Reeve clearly states that the specimen used came from the Lombe Taylor collection. It is not obvious from the labels with this specimen that it was owned by Lombe Taylor, but there is a Sowerby 3rd label and the specimen fits closely with that illustrated. Melvill obviously considered it to be the type as he has written this on his label and is known to have bought Lombe Taylor material from Sowerby. The numbers, 118 and 73, on the circular label do not relate to lot numbers at the Stevens sale. In all likelihood Melvill did acquire this specimen from Sowerby and then passed it onto J. R. le B. Tomlin in 1919 and onto the National Museum of Wales in 1955. Provenance: The collection of Rev. Thomas Lombe Taylor was considered highly by fellow conchologists and was described by G. B. Sowerby (3rd) as ‘undoubtedly the largest private collection of shells in the world’. Both Lovell Reeve and the Sowerby’s used the collection extensively for their respective works, Conchological Iconography and Thesaurus Conchyliorum. After the death of Lombe Taylor in 1874 his widow presented 446 specimens to the British Museum, of which 142 were types figured in the above works. Later, in 1879, Sowerby sold them a further 277 type and figured shells, mainly from the Sulphur and Samarang expeditions. Sowerby continued selling the collection between 1879-1880 and the remainder in his possession was auctioned at a Stevens sale in June 1880. There was a further auction of the Lombe Taylor collection many years later in 1929; this portion of the collection had been retained by Lombe Taylor’s son and was sold after his death. J. C. Melvill purchased many Lombe Taylor shells from Sowerby, including the then exceptionally rare Conus gloriamaris, and attended the Stevens sale where he not only bought more shells, but also the cabinets and many types of J. S. Gaskoin.
References

References are listed in chronological order. References containing the "Original Description" or "Type Designation" of Tellina essingtonensis Sowerby 2nd in Reeve, 1866 are highlighted in red.

Sowerby, G. B. (2nd) in Reeve, L. A. 1866-1869. Monograph of the genus Tellina. 17. Conchologia Iconica; a complete repertory of species. London. pp.Species 1-345. figs.pls 1-58 [sp. 73; pl. 15] [Figured] [Original Description] [Type Designation]
Specimen Data
Point Locality: Port Essington
Continent: Australia
Country: Australia
State/Prov.: -
County: -
City/Town: -
Island Group: -
Island: -
Water Body: -
Sea Area.: -
Collected by: -
Collecting date: -
Ex. Collector: Rev. T. Lombe Taylor; G. B. Sowerby (3rd); J. C. Melvill
Expedition/Survey: -
Vessel: -
Sampling Method: -
Field No.: -
Field Notes: -
Altitude: -
Depth: -
OS Grid Ref.: -
Lat./Long.(verbatim): -
Decimal Degress: -
Curatorial Contact

Harriet Wood
Collection Manager: Mollusca
Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales, Cardiff
Cathays Park
Cardiff
CF10 3NP

Email: Harriet Wood
Tel: +44 (0)29 2057 3244

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Ablett J., Brown C., Gallichan J., Gordon D., Holmes A. M., Hunter T., Machin R., Morgenroth H., Oliver P. G., Petts R., Pye S., Reilly M., Rowson B., Salvador A., Sutcliffe R., Turner J. A., Wood H. 2019. Mollusca Types in Great Britain. Amgueddfa Cymru-National Museum Wales / Natural History Museum. Available online at https://gbmolluscatypes.ac.uk [Accessed:  ].

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